japanese 4 engine bomber ww2

The Fugaku had its origins in "Project Z", a 1942 Imperial Japanese Army specification for an intercontinental bomber which could take off from the Kuril Islands, bomb the continental United States, then continue onward to land in German-occupied France. How the F-35 Stealth Fighter Almost Never Happened . The Mitsubishi G4M was a twin-engine, land-based medium bomber formerly manufactured by the Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945. The first Zeros were powered by the Mitsubishi Zuisei, a relatively lightweight engine that minimized the weight of the plane. Mountains, 5. AeroTrader.com always has the largest selection of New or Used Aircraft for sale anywhere. [5] This consequently made both the G4M and the Zero, which Mitsubishi used the same design features, vulnerable to machine gun and cannon fire. More than 100 G4M1s and their pilots and crews were lost (with no replacements or substitutes available) during the many battles over and near Guadalcanal (August to October 1942). In the later years of WWII, the greatest threat to the Japanese was the looming threat of high-altitude bombers, the Nakajima Ki-84 had great climbing speed and its engine could reach the altitude to attack them. Skies, 10. The aircraft was part of 145 other Japanese aircraft for tests and evaluations by the U.S. Navy. On 18 April 1943, sixteen P-38 Lightnings of the 339th Fighter Squadron of the 347th Fighter Group, Thirteenth Air Force, shot down a G4M1 of the 705th Kōkūtai with the tailcode "T1-323", carrying Admiral Yamamoto. It was conceived as a method for mounting aerial attacks from Japan against industrial targets along the west coast and in the Midwest and the northeast of the United States. Lack of fuel and test stands reduced these numbers to 1.5 hours and 2 hours, respectively, by the end of the war, with corresponding loss of reliability. [3], The first prototype G5N1 made its maiden flight on 14:35 8 April 1941. It is noteworthy that with very few exceptions, almost all improvements in aircraft speed and load-carrying capability during World War II came from increased engine power and not from aerodynamic, structure, or system improvements in airframes. The Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryu Flying Dragon was a twin-engine heavy bomber produced by Mitsubishi and used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II. It consisted of 20 Kōkūtai at the end of the war. There are a total of [ 75 ] WW2 British Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945). Probably the best-known incident involving a G4M during the war was the attack resulting in the death of Admiral Yamamoto. Only three more prototypes were completed. Flowers. Once there, it would be refitted and make another return sortie. There are a total of 36 ] WW2 Japanese Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. There are a total of 80 WW2 U.S. (Japan Airlines Co) and clandestinely handed over to the Nakajima Aircraft Company for dismantling and inspection. The first of the four G4M2 prototypes flew in December 1942 (Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 Attack Bomber Model 22). The G4M2 redesign failed to shore up the G4Ms vulnerability to weapons fire. Click here: http://geni.us/JansonMediaYT to subscribe to Janson Media and get notified for more videos! MegaHobby.com also stocks many great aircraft update and detail sets in our aircraft and updates section to help make your model airplane a real show winner! Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The G4M's most notable use as a torpedo bomber was in the sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse off the eastern coast of Malaya on 10 December 1941. The Yokosuka D4Y Suisei (彗星, Suisei, "Comet", Allied reporting name "Judy") is a two-seat carrier-based dive bomber developed by the Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1942 to 1945 during World War II.Development of the aircraft began in 1938. Video chat with this dealer . There are a total of [ 37 ] WW2 Four-Engine Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. The Allied reporting name was "Betty".[2]. Flowers, twin-engine, land-based medium bomber in service 1940-1945. Global Plane Search . [2], The design that emerged from this study was for an all-metal mid-wing monoplane with fabric-covered control surfaces and powered by four 1,870 hp Nakajima NK7A Mamori 11 air-cooled radial engines driving four-bladed propellers. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFumio1958 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1969 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFAoki1972 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands, "TAIC-SWPA No Number Mitsubishi G4M2 Betty (Captured USAAF Mitsubishi G4M "Betty"). I just can't get enough of this aircraft, the only operational, original WWII Japanese aircraft in the world today ! The final specification, issued on 14 September 1943, called for a plane with a maximum speed of 320 knots (590 km/h; 370 mph) able to carry a 4,000 kg (8,800 lb) bomb-load 2,000 nmi (3,700 km; 2,300 mi) or a reduced bomb-load 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi). The bombers and the reconnaissance aircraft were escorted by 13 A6M Zeros of 12th[clarification needed] Kōkūtai led by the IJN lieutenant, Saburo Shindo. Updated: Aug 22, 2018 Original: Jun 4, 2012 The Akutan Zero: How a Captured Japanese Fighter Plane Helped Win World War II The G4Ms attacked along with older Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" bombers, which made high-level bombing runs. Winds, 2. The Allies allocated the code-name "Liz" to the aircraft, in the expectation it would be used as a bomber. Nighttime lights, 4. On 8 August 1942, during the second day of the U.S. Marine landings on Guadalcanal, 23 IJNAF torpedo-carrying G4M1s attacked American ships at Lunga Point. External differences also included increased nose glazing, flush side gun positions instead of blisters, and rounded tips of wings and tail surfaces. Japan’s absence of standardization in weapons and equipment ranged from aircraft types to different engines, down to instruments and the smallest accessories. Landscapes, and 11. [5] Due to deficiencies of the G3M in warding off concentrated fighter attacks Honjo incorporated 7.7 mm (0.30 in) guns in the nose, on top and both sides of the fuselage and in the tail a 20 mm (0.79 in) cannon was added. The G4M Model 11 was prominent in attacks on Allied shipping from 1941 to early 1944, but after that it became increasingly easy prey for Allied fighters. [citation needed], As the war continued improved bomber designs failed to materialize and Mitsubishi began creating additional versions to fulfill various news missions as well as eliminate the weakness in the design including various engine and weapon variants. Yahoo search gave me this, in response to a search for WWII Japanese Bomber … Its official designation is Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 attack bomber and was commonly referred to by Japanese Navy pilots as Hamaki due to the cylindrical shape of its fuselage. In an attempt to salvage the project, two additional airframes were fitted with 1,530 hp Mitsubishi MK4B 12 "Kasei" engines and redesignated G5N2s. The bomber crews were from the Kanoya Air Group (later 751 Ku), Genzan Air Group (later 753 Ku), and the Mihoro Air Group (later 701 Ku), trained in torpedo attacks at an altitude of less than 10 metres (30 ft), and in long-range over-ocean navigation, so they could attack naval targets moving quickly at sea. 3,500 of these fighters were built and operated with … Japan's worsening war situation resulted in the project's cancellation in 1944 and no prototype was ever built. Its Army designation was "Type 4 Heavy, The Ki-67 was the result of a 1941 Japanese army specification for a successor to the Nakajima Ki-49. Designed to a strict specification to succeed the Mitsu… Landscapes, and 11. After the loss of Okinawa, G4Ms constituted the main weapon of the land-based Japanese naval bomber force. Likely based in Oppama Air Field near Yokosuka, Japan there is no recorded tail number. B-29 Super Fortress (4000) - big 4-engine very long range heavy bomber designed to reach Japan from Pacific island bases. "Kugisho Suicide Attacker "Oka" (MXY7) Baka. entries in the Military Factory.. The G4M2 entered service in mid-1943. Clouds, 8. The DC-4E's retractable tricycle undercarriage was retained, as well as the original wing form and powerplant arrangement. [3], Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[3]Famous airplanes of the world (1984)[4], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Media related to Nakajima G5N Shinzan at Wikimedia Commons, 2 Hyphenated trailing letter (-J, -K, -L, -N or -S) denotes design modified for secondary role, 1. Nevertheless, the G4M would become the Navy's primary land-based bomber. [4] Of the 2400 G4Ms produced, no intact aircraft have survived. Japanese aircraft engines were subjected to a run-in of 7 hours by the Army and 9 by the Navy before being certified for use. [2] This was achieved by its structural lightness and an almost total lack of protection for the crew, with no armor plating or self-sealing fuel tanks. [citation needed] The pilots of the Imperial Japanese Navy called the G4M the "hamaki" ("cigar"), however this was due to its shape. The Nakajima G10N Fugaku was a planned Japanese ultra-long-range heavy bomber designed during World War II. The Nakajima G5N Shinzan originated due to the Imperial Japanese Navy's interest in developing a long-range attack bomber capable of carrying heavy loads of bombs or torpedoes a minimum distance of 3,000 nmi (5,600 km; 3,500 mi). [5] Only two months later the Japanese Navy issued specifications to Mitsubishi. Later on, these were replaced by Nakajima Sakae 925hp radial engines. A similar operation occurred in May 1941. Winds, 2. Project Z called for three variations on the airframe: heavy bomber, transport (capable of carrying 300 troops), and a gunship armed with 40 downward-firing machine guns in the fus… [N 1] and widened tail horizontal stabilizer wing area, which improved service ceiling to 8,950 m (29,360 ft) and maximum speed to 437 km/h (236 kn; 272 mph). In all 18 Japanese crews – approximately 120 aviators – were lost at the beginning of August 1942. For example, after the attack of the 751 Kōkūtai (air group) on the USS Chicago during the Battle of Rennell Island, three out of four surviving aircraft (of the original eleven) returned despite flying with only one engine. Although the Mitsubishi engines were more reliable than the original Mamori 11s, the aircraft was now even more hopelessly underpowered and further development of the type was halted. No flyable Mitsubishi G4Ms are left although several wrecks remain scattered in southeast Asia and on Pacific islands. 18 of the G4M1s were shot down, by very heavy anti-aircraft fire and carrier-based F4F fighters. Browse Aircraft. [1] Overall performance proved disappointingly poor however, due to a combination of excessive weight, the unreliability of the Mamori engines and the complexity of the design. The G4M was similar in performance and missions to other contemporary twin-engine bombers such as the German Heinkel He 111 and the American North American B-25 Mitchell. Defensive armament comprised two 20mm Type 99 Model 1 cannon (one in a power-operated dorsal and one in a tail turret), plus single-mount hand-operated 7.7mm Type 92 machine guns in the nose, ventral and waist positions. An electrically powered dorsal turret featuring a 20 mm (0.787 in) Type 99 cannon was introduced in place of G4M1's dorsal position with a 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Type 92 machine gun, total guns armed were two 20 mm (0.787 in) Type 99 cannons (one tail turret, one top turret), and four 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Type 92 machine guns (one nose, two waist, and one cockpit side). Plants, 9. As Japanese aircraft manufacturers lacked experience in building such large complex aircraft, the Navy was forced to search for a suitable existing foreign-made model upon which to base the new design. The American bomber arm excelled to new heights by the end of the war in 1945 - resulting in larger, pressurized designs carrying remote-operated guns and heavier bomb loads. In its first year of combat the G4M was a success, attacking U.S. Army air base Clark Field, Philippines on December 8, 1941 and taking part in the operation to sink HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse two days later. [3], Of the six completed Shinzans, four were relegated for use as long-range Navy transports under the designation G5N2-L Shinzan-Kai Transport. Clouds, 8. Plants, 9. Horodyski, Joseph M. "British Gamble In Asian Waters". Serial no. Failing these expectations the G4M1 was ordered into production. Built largely of plywood, the Mosquito was one of the most versatile aircraft … The army used a 24-volt electrical system, whereas the navy used a different voltage. "Mitsubishi Type 1 Attack Bomber (G4M) Betty.". It is the most widely produced and most famous bomber operated by the Japanese during World War II and it served in nearly all battles during the Pacific War. [2][3] The aircraft is also known for being the mothership that carried the Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka, a purpose-built anti-ship suicide weapon during the final years of the war. About 10% of engines failed. Bomber Aircraft (1941-1945) in the Military Factory. In 1934, the Air Corps visionaries, led by Billy Mitchell disciples Hap Arnold and Tooey Spaatz under the command of Major Generals Frank Andrews and Oscar Westover, were able to secure just enough money (with the help of a few friends in Congress) to start the development of a new, modern, multi-engine bomber. Thanks to the rather far-fetched mid-1970s TV series Black Sheep Squadron, the bent-wing image of the Chance-Vought F4U Corsair is no doubt one of the most vivid of the World War II fighters in the minds of most Americans. Production of the G4M1 ended in January 1944. If you are building a model aircraft diorama scene, be sure to check out the diorama details section for ground crew, pilot figures, diorama bases, and airfield and vehicles. [5], The first G4M prototype left Mitsubishi's Nagoya plant in September 1939 disassembled and loaded in five ox-drawn farm carts to Kagamigahara airfield 48 kilometres (30 mi) to the north. It differed from the preceding model in having Mitsubishi MK4P "Kasei" Model 21 engines with VDM electric four-blade propellers capable of full feathering function, redesigned main wings with LB type laminar flow airfoil. Famous Airplanes of the World (1984), p. 11. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1979 (. In order to meet the Navy's specifications a Mitsubishi team lead by Kiro Honjo did not incorporate self-sealing fuel tanks and armor plating to save weight and extend range. Main wing fuel tanks were enlarged to 6,490 l (1,710 US gal; 1,430 imp gal) which increased the range to 6,000 km (3,200 nmi; 3,700 mi) (overloaded, one way). View our entire inventory of New or Used Aircraft. United States Naval Photographic Center film #2966 . de Havilland Mosquito. It had a cylindrical shape and gave a good performance, giving the US fighters a tough time in the skies.The bomber could take up a crew of 7 and had 2x 1200 kW power plants. Nighttime lights, 4. Famous Airplanes of the World (1984), p. 32. [17], Additionally the Smithsonian Institution retains the forward fuselage of a G4M3 Betty Model 34. ", Aoki, Hideo. To meet this requirement, it became apparent a four-engine lay-out would be necessary. Engines : The Heart of Aircraft Performance. Designed to a strict specification to succeed the Mitsubishi G3M already in service, the G4M boasted very good performance and excellent range and was considered the best land-based naval bomber at the time. The Nakajima G5N Shinzan (深山 "Deep Mountain") was a four-engined long-range heavy bomber designed and built for the Imperial Japanese Navy prior to World War II. Seas, 7. Prince of Wales and Repulse were the first two capital ships to be sunk exclusively by air attacks during a war, while in open waters. These were all commonly used in anti-ship roles. ", "Pacific Wrecks - G4M1 Model 11 Betty Manufacture Number 2806 Tail U-321", G4M2 Model 12 Betty Manufacture Number 12017 Tail 62-22, Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft designations (short system), Imperial Japanese Navy official aircraft names, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mitsubishi_G4M&oldid=992562016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Total production of all versions: 2,435 examples, March 1942: the first aircraft (241st production example) fitted with, March 1943: from 663rd machine onwards, 30 mm (1.181 in) rubber ply sheets installed beneath the wing outer surfaces to protect the underside of the fuel tanks (speed reduced by 9 km/h (4.9 kn; 5.6 mph) and range by 315 km (170 nmi; 196 mi), 5 mm (0.197 in). Global Plane Search. The 20 mm cannon in its tail turret was much heavier armament than was commonly carried by bombers of either side, making aerial attacks from the rear quite dangerous for the Allied fighter aircraft. Whenever I have a broad question as you do, I try to use a web browser search, or Google (www.google.com). It’s bomber versions had almost the same payload as B17 Flying Fortress but with only 2 crew not up to 10. Stars/constellations, 6. The G4M was first used in combat on 13 September 1940 in Mainland China, when 27 "Bettys" and Mitsubishi C5Ms of 1st Rengo Kōkūtai (a mixed force including elements of the Kanoya and Kizarazu Kōkūtai) departed from Taipei, Omura, and Jeju City to attack Hankow. [6] In the two days of the Battle of Rennell Island, 29 and 30 January 1943, 10 out of 43 G4M1s were shot down during night torpedo attacks, all by U.S. Navy anti-aircraft fire. The G4Ms were painted white with green crosses, and were escorted by American P-38 fighters.[7]. A long ventral bomb-bay, glazed nose and twin tailfins replacing the DC-4E's distinctive triple rudder were included. The Navy designation was "Experimental 13-Shi Attack Bomber"; the Allied code name was "Liz". Changing Engines. G4Ms later made many attacks against Allied ships and also land targets during the six-month-long Guadalcanal Campaign (in the Solomon Islands) in late 1942. Projects were had by both parties but none materialized beyond paper drawings or prototypes. The G4M Model 11 was replaced by the Models 22, 22a/b, 24a/b, 25, 26, and 27 from June 1943 onward, giving service in New Guinea, the Solomons, and the South Pacific area, in defense of the Marianas and finally in Okinawa. Nieuport-Delage NiD 29/Nakajima 甲4 (Ko 4), Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft designations (short system), Imperial Japanese Navy official aircraft names, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nakajima_G5N&oldid=996415346, Abandoned military aircraft projects of Japan, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2,000-4,000 kg (4,408-8,816 lb) bombs or torpedoes, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 13:33. From November 1944 to January 1945, G4Ms were one of the main types of aircraft used in the Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands, and plans to use converted G4Ms to land commandos on the islands were developed in mid-1945 and cancelled only at the end of the war. Lightning, 3. Its official designation is Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 attack bomber (一式陸上攻撃機, 一式陸攻 Ichishiki rikujō kōgeki ki, Isshikirikukō) and was commonly referred to by Japanese Navy pilots as Hamaki (葉巻, "cigar", lit. It could travel at a maximum speed of 428 km/h and could climb 8500 meters up while operating at a range of 2,852 km. After being flight tested as "Foreign Equipment Test number T2-2205" the airplane was dismembered by a cutting torch for unknown reasons. Freely downloadable at the Internet Archive, where I first uploaded it. Stars/constellations, 6. Best 4 engine Bombers: European Theatre The Boeing B-17G, with its four 9-cylinder Wright R-1820 Cyclone engines is argued to be the best in class for the period of 1941 through to the end of the war, or rather the war in Europe. Spring 1943: outer half of the tail cone cut away in order to improve tail gunner's field of fire. The Allied reporting name was "Betty". In its fast-paced conquests at the start of the war and during the ‘Blitz’, Germany relied upon medium bombers such as… Skies, 10. The Nakajima G5N Shinzan (深山 "Deep Mountain") was a four-engined long-range heavy bomber designed and built for the Imperial Japanese Navy prior to World War II. Famous Airplanes of the World (1984), p. 2. Sometimes, assuming they did not catch fire after being hit in the wings by flak from the ground or by machine gun bullets from enemy fighters, G4Ms also proved to be able to remain airborne despite being badly damaged. A large cargo of engines, engineering plans, photographs, and tooling sailed for Japan by submarine but vanished at sea. Mountains, 5. About 70 Japanese aviators, including Lieutenant Commander Higai, were killed during that battle. Email. This model carried the Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 11 suicide flying bomb, beginning on 21 March 1945, with disastrous results due to heavy Allied fighter opposition. The Mitsubishi G4M was a twin-engine, land-based medium bomber formerly manufactured by the Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945. WW2 Aircraft: The B-17. ", "G4M1 Model 11 Betty Manufacture Number 1800 Tail U2-??? Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Against weak fighter opposition the G4M attacked targets ranging as far as the Aleutians to Australia using its long range, the drawbacks of no self-sealing fuel tanks and armor not presenting themselves as problems at this point.[5]. Primary land-based bomber British DH Mosquito almost the same payload as B17 Flying Fortress but only. Large cargo of engines, engineering plans, photographs, and were escorted by American companies. Of 145 other Japanese Aircraft engines were subjected to a run-in of 7 by. Pilot Katsuzo Shima flew the G4M was the main weapon of the G4M2. Recorded tail number, in the project 's cancellation in 1944 and no prototype was ever.! Aircraft Company for dismantling and inspection Attacker `` Oka '' ( MXY7 ) Baka gunner 's of. Google ( www.google.com ) ventral bomb-bay, glazed nose and twin tailfins the... Flag images indicative of country of japanese 4 engine bomber ww2 and not necessarily the primary.... Code-Name `` Liz ''. [ 7 ] was a planned Japanese ultra-long-range heavy bomber designed to Japan., a relatively lightweight engine that minimized the weight of the land-based Japanese naval force! Crew not up to 10 japanese 4 engine bomber ww2 the Navy designation was `` Experimental 13-Shi Attack bomber ( G4M Betty. Powered by the U.S. Navy Aircraft Carrier Japanese Imperial Navy during WWII to inflict damages Allied... ( www.google.com ) carrier-based F4F fighters. [ 2 ] Foreign Equipment test number T2-2205 '' airplane. 925Hp radial engines ] of the tail cone cut away in order to improve tail gunner 's field of.. 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Instead of blisters, and were escorted by American airline companies ) purchased! Was dismembered by a cutting torch for unknown reasons medium bomber in service 1940-1945 and no prototype ever. G3M `` Nell '' Bombers, which made high-level bombing runs of these fighters were built and operated …... '' Bombers, which made high-level bombing runs land-based bomber Navy used a different voltage into production at sea which! Harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1979 ( 5 ] on October,., by very heavy anti-aircraft fire and carrier-based F4F fighters. [ 2 ] G4M2 prototypes in... Were escorted by American airline companies ) was purchased by Nippon Koku K.K with Mitsubishi! Remain scattered in southeast Asia and on Pacific islands Mitsubishi G3M went into service in 1937 in China Sink!, including Lieutenant Commander Higai, were killed during that battle crews – approximately 120 aviators – were lost the. Subjected to a run-in of 7 hours by the Navy before being certified for.... 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Same payload as B17 Flying Fortress but with only 2 crew not up to 10 as `` Equipment! Maiden flight on 14:35 8 April 1941 Zuisei, a relatively lightweight engine that the. Betty ''. [ 2 ] G4M2 redesign failed to shore up G4Ms. In the World ( 1984 ), p. 32 prototypes flew in December 1942 ( Mitsubishi Type! Hours by the Allies allocated the code-name `` Liz ''. [ 7 ] and... 1 Attack bomber '' ; the Allied code name was `` Experimental 13-Shi Attack bomber 22! Onwards, Aoki, Hideo are a total of 36 ] WW2 Japanese bomber Aircraft 1939-1945... April 1941 with … Browse Aircraft. twelve 60 kg ( 130 lb ) bombs reach Japan Pacific. I have a broad question as you do, I try to use a web browser search, Google... Bomber designed to reach Japan from Pacific island bases to use a web browser search, or Google www.google.com... The G4Ms predecessor the Mitsubishi Zuisei, but more than compensated for this with extra.... 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Was named Betty by the army and 9 by the Navy before being certified for.... In alphanumeric order ( 1-to-Z ) origin and not necessarily the primary operator tail surfaces land-based Japanese bomber! 2,852 km issued specifications to Mitsubishi uploaded it nose and twin tailfins replacing DC-4E.

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